# Conversione coordinate

In geodesyconversion among different geographic coordinate systems is made necessary by the different geographic coordinate systems in use across the world and over time. Coordinate conversion is composed of a number of different types of conversion: format change of geographic coordinates, conversion of coordinate systems, or transformation to different geodetic datums.

Geographic coordinate conversion has applications in cartographysurveyingnavigation and geographic information systems. In geodesy, geographic coordinate conversion is defined as translation among different coordinate formats or map projections all referenced to the same geodetic datum. Both geographic coordinate conversion and transformation will be considered in this article.

This article assumes readers are already familiar with the content in the articles geographic coordinate system and geodetic datum. Informally, specifying a geographic location usually means giving the location's latitude and longitude. The numerical values for latitude and longitude can occur in a number of different units or formats: [2]. There are 60 minutes in a degree and 60 seconds in a minute.

Therefore, to convert from a degrees minutes seconds format to a decimal degrees format, one may use the formula.

## Coordinates converter for WGS84, UTM, CH1903, UTMREF(MGRS), Gauß-Krüger, NAC, W3W

A coordinate system conversion is a conversion from one coordinate system to another, with both coordinate systems based on the same geodetic datum. Common conversion tasks include conversion between geodetic and ECEF coordinates and conversion from one type of map projection to another. The following equation holds for the longitude in the same way as in the geocentric coordinates system:. The orthogonality of the coordinates is confirmed via differentiation:. The conversion for the latitude involves a bit complicated calculation and is known to be solved by using several methods shown as below.

The following Bowring's irrational geodetic-latitude equation [6] is efficient to be solved by Newton—Raphson iteration method: [7] [8]. Bowring showed that the single iteration produces a sufficiently accurate solution. He used extra trigonometric functions in his original formulation. A number of techniques and algorithms are available but the most accurate, according to Zhu, [11] is the following procedure established by Heikkinen, [12] as cited by Zhu.

Note: arctan2 [Y, X] is the four-quadrant inverse tangent function. To convert from geodetic coordinates to local ENU coordinates is a two-stage process:. To transform from ECEF coordinates to the local coordinates we need a local reference point, typically this might be the location of a radar.

The geocentric latitude is not the appropriate up direction for the local tangent plane. If the original geodetic latitude is available it should be used, otherwise, the relationship between geodetic and geocentric latitude has an altitude dependency, and is captured by:. Obtaining geodetic latitude from geocentric coordinates from this relationship requires an iterative solution approach, otherwise the geodetic coordinates may be computed via the approach in the section above labeled "From ECEF to geodetic coordinates.

The geocentric and geodetic longitude have the same value. This is true for the Earth and other similar shaped planets because their latitude lines parallels can be considered in much more degree perfect circles when compared to their longitude lines meridians. The formulas involved can be complex and in some cases, such as in the ECEF to geodetic conversion above, the conversion has no closed-form solution and approximate methods must be used.

Transformations among datums can be accomplished in a number of ways. There are transformations that directly convert geodetic coordinates from one datum to another. There are more indirect transforms that convert from geodetic coordinates to ECEF coordinates, transform the ECEF coordinates from one datum to the another, then transform ECEF coordinates of the new datum back to geodetic coordinates. There are also grid-based transformations that directly transform from one datum, map projection pair to another datum, map projection pair.

The Helmert transform is an approximate method that is accurate when the transform parameters are small relative to the magnitudes of the ECEF vectors. Under these conditions, the transform is considered reversible.

A fourteen-parameter Helmert transform, with linear time dependence for each parameter, [17] : can be used to capture the time evolution of geographic coordinates dues to geomorphic processes, such as continental drift. To eliminate the coupling between the rotations and translations of the Helmert transform, three additional parameters can be introduced to give a new XYZ center of rotation closer to coordinates being transformed. This ten-parameter model is called the Molodensky-Badekas transformation and should not be confused with the more basic Molodensky transform.

The transform has the form [21].What is latitude and longitude? These are the imaginary lines that go around and from pole to pole on a globe, respectively. If you know latitude and longitude, you can find any place on Earth. In order to do that you will have to know how to read and write coordinates.

We will explain how to do this in the text below. We will also show you the principles of converting coordinates and give a step-by-step examples for the Sydney Opera House and the Empire State Building. Would you like to know how latitude and longitude coordinates are connected to time zones?

Check the answer in the lat long to UTM converter! With coordinates, you can locate any place on the Earth to a high degree of accuracy. The geographical coordinate system is based on the spherical coordinate system for an ellipsoid - the shape of the Earth. We specify coordinates using latitude and longitude. But what are they exactly? Latitude is the angle between the equatorial plane and the line extending from the center of the Earth to a certain point on its surface. It references the north-south position on the Earth.

It's represented by circles of latitudeor parallels - the lines that go around the globe. The central line of latitude is called the Equator. It has a latitude of 0 degrees. The maximum value of latitude is 90 degrees - found at the poles. Longitudeon the other hand, refers to a east-west position on the Earth. Lines of longitudeor meridians connect the North and the South Pole. They extend to the east and west of the Prime Meridianreaching up to degrees.

All meridians have the same length - 12, Did you know that you can calculate the shortest possible distance between two points of known geographical coordinates using latitude and longitude?Mappa grande Coordinate da indirizzare.

Convertitore - Elenchi. Altri formati Beta.

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Ricerca per indirizzo, luogo o PDI. Elaborazione di lotti, conversione di liste NEW! Esempio: Nord Grado decimale WGS L'input per la latitudine deve essere compreso tra e 89 e deve essere un numero intero. L'ingresso per la longitudine deve essere compreso tra e e deve essere un numero intero.

Se questi limiti non vengono rispettati durante l'immissione, il riquadro diventa rosso o i campi rimangono vuoti. Gradi verbali WGS L'immissione dei minuti per la latitudine e la longitudine deve essere compresa tra 0 e 59 e devono essere numeri interi.

Se questi limiti non vengono rispettati durante l'inserimento dei dati, il riquadro diventa rosso o i campi rimangono vuoti. Esempio: Zona 32U a est a nord La zona determina la posizione approssimativa del punto e ha lo scopo di evitare confusione.

I valori di zona validi sono da 01AX, ma senza O e I. I valori di Easting devono essere compresi tra I valori di Northing devono essere compresi tra 1 e 9. Se questi valori limite non vengono rispettati durante l'immissione, il riquadro diventa rosso o i campi rimangono vuoti.

Z: E: N:. Esempio: Zona 32U quadrata della griglia PU a est a nord La zona determina la posizione approssimativa del punto e ha lo scopo di evitare confusione. I valori di orientazione devono essere compresi tra 1 e I numeri mancanti sono compilati sul retro. I valori del nord devono essere compresi tra 1 e Le cifre mancanti sono compilate sul retro.Large map Coordinates to address.

Converter - Lists. More formats Beta. Search by address, place or POI. Batch processing, convert lists NEW! Example: North If the degree of latitude is given in S as south, the number should be preceded by a minus sign. The input of the longitude is a decimal number between If the longitude is given in W as west, the number should be preceded by a minus sign.

Decimal degree WGS Since this converter calculates with negative north values instead of positive south values, you have to put a - in front of your value, if it contains the specification S.

So from Since this converter calculates with negative east values instead of positive west values, you have to put a - in front of your value, if it contains the specification W. The input for the longitude must be between and and must be integer.

The input of minutes for latitude and longitude is an optional decimal number, but if it is made it must be between 0 and If these limits are not met, the frame will turn red or the fields will remain empty. Degrees Minutes WGS Since this converter calculates with negative north values instead of positive south values, you have to add a - in front of your degree value, if it contains the specification S. Since this converter calculates with negative east values instead of positive west values, you have to put a - in front of your degree value, if it contains the specification W.

The input of minutes for latitude and longitude must be between 0 and 59 and must be integer.

### Online coordinate converter

The input of the seconds for latitude and longitude is optional, but if it is done it must be between 0 and If these limits are not met during input, the frame will turn red or the fields will remain empty. Since this converter calculates with negative north values instead of positive south values, you have to add a - to your degree value, if it contains the specification S.

The northernmost point is about The southernmost point is about The easternmost point is about The westernmost point is about 5. If these limits are not met, the frame turns red or the fields remain empty.

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Example: Zone 32U East value North value The zone determines the rough position of the point and should prevent mix-ups. Valid zone values are from 01AX, but without O and I. Eastern values must be between North values must be between 1 and 9, If these limit values are not adhered to during input, the frame turns red or the fields remain empty.

The letter of the zone is corrected automatically with wrong input. Z: E: N:.Nathan is the Co-Founder and Partner of Genius Tech Group. Genius Tech partners with the likes of Riot, Ladbrokes and Draftstars to provide innovative and engaging content.

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ArcGIS Coordinate Transformation

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