Road transport

Freight transport refers to the total movement of goods using inland transport on a given network. Data are expressed in million tonne-kilometres, which represents the transport of one tonne over one kilometre. Components for road and rail are available. Compare variables. Find a country by name. Width: px Preview Embedding. Freight transport Related topics Energy. Indicators Road accidents Passenger transport Freight transport Container transport Passenger car registrations Infrastructure investment Infrastructure maintenance.

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Definition of Freight transport Freight transport refers to the total movement of goods using inland transport on a given network. Last published in Publication. Moving Freight with Better Trucks Publication Cycling, Health and Safety Publication Your selection for sharing:.

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Snapshot of data for a fixed period data will not change even if updated on the site Latest available data for a fixed period, Latest available data. Embed code Use this code to embed the visualisation into your website.What is Road Transport? Road transport is one of the modes of transport which involves the use of motor vehicles cars, lorries, buses, bicycles, trucks and animals.

There are various types of roads according to size and functions, some roads are tarred while others are not. The best of these roads are the modern roads, which links major towns.

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Road transport was developed first and it exists in all parts of the world. Road transport compared with other modes of transportation is more flexible, no specialised machinery or technique is necessary for it use so that all countries no matter how backward, possess them in some form. In primitive regions, they may be simple parts suitable only for foot or hoof traffic, but in advance regions, they are more likely to be well made and suitable for heaviest and the most modern vehicles.

Although stone-slab surfaces date back to Persian and Roman times, it was not really until the 18 th century that roads proper ceased to be mere dirt tracks rutted in summer and water logged in winter. The first metalled surfaces appeared in Britain designed by such men as Telford and Macadambut soon spread throughout the civilized world.

Vehicles, too improved and carriages became swift, smoother and larger. The invention of the internal combustion engine gave the greatest incentive of all to all traffic improvements and since then this particular form of transport has changed beyond all recognition. The development of wider, straighter roads has culminated in the appearance of motorways and vehicles can now travel at speeds once unimaginable. Loads have also grown and juggernaut lorries carrying forty tones are commonplace.

Posted to: Education.Road transport or road transportation is a type of transport by using roads. Transport on roads can be roughly grouped into the transportation of goods and transportation of people.

In many countries licensing requirements and safety regulations ensure a separation of the two industries. Movement along roads may be by bike or automobiletruckor by animal such as horse or oxen.

Standard networks of roads were adopted by RomansPersiansAztecand other early empiresand may be regarded as a feature of empires. Cargo may be transported by trucking companieswhile passengers may be transported via mass transit.

Commonly defined features of modern roads include defined lanes and signage.

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Various classes of road exist, from two-lane local roads with at-grade intersections to controlled-access highways with all cross traffic grade-separated.

The nature of road transportation of goods depends on, apart from the degree of development of the local infrastructure, on the distance the goods are transported by road, the weight and volume of an individual shipment, and the type of goods transported.

For short distances and light, small shipments a van or pickup truck may be used. For large shipments even if less than a full truckload a truck is more appropriate. Also see Trucking and Hauling below.

road transport

In some countries cargo is transported by road in horse-drawn carriages, donkey carts or other non-motorized mode. Delivery services are sometimes considered a separate category from cargo transport. In many places fast food is transported on roads by various types of vehicles. For inner city delivery of small packages and documents bike couriers are quite common.

People are transported on roads. Special modes of individual transport by road such as cycle rickshaws may also be locally available. There are also specialist modes of road transport for particular situations, such as ambulances. The first methods of road transport were horsesoxen or even humans carrying goods over dirt tracks that often followed game trail.

The Persians later built a network of Royal Roads across their empire.

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With the advent of the Roman Empirethere was a need for armies to be able to travel quickly from one region to another, and the roads that existed were often muddy, which greatly delayed the movement of large masses of troops.

To resolve this issue, the Romans built solid and lasting roads.

Glossary of road transport terms

The Roman roads used deep roadbeds of crushed stone as an underlying layer to ensure that they kept dry, as the water would flow out from the crushed stone, instead of becoming mud in clay soils.

The Islamic Caliphate later built tar-paved roads in Baghdad. As states developed and became richer, especially with the Renaissancenew roads and bridges began to be built, often based on Roman designs. Although there were attempts to rediscover Roman methods, there was little useful innovation in road building before the 18th century.

Starting in the early 18th century, the British Parliament began to pass a series of acts that gave the local justices powers to erect toll-gates on the roads, in exchange for professional upkeep.

The first scheme that had trustees who were not justices was established through a Turnpike Act infor a section of the London- Chester road between Foothill and Stony Stafford. The basic principle was that the trustees would manage resources from the several parishes through which the highway passed, augment this with tolls from users from outside the parishes and apply the whole to the maintenance of the main highway.

This became the pattern for the turnpiking of a growing number of highways, sought by those who wished to improve flow of commerce through their part of a county. The quality of early turnpike roads was varied.

Department of Transport and Main Roads

Road construction improved slowly, initially through the efforts of individual surveyors such as John Metcalf in Yorkshire in the s. He believed a good road should have good foundations, be well drained and have a smooth convex surface to allow rainwater to drain quickly into ditches at the side.

He understood the importance of good drainage, knowing it was rain that caused most problems on the roads. He wrote a memorandum on his method inwhich became general practice in France.The Roman roads Roman roads, ancient system of highways linking Rome with its provinces.

Their primary purpose was military, but they also were of great commercial importance and brought the distant provinces in touch with the capital. Click the link for more information. In Italy and in every region that the Romans conquered, they built roads so durable that parts of them yet remain serviceable. The Roman roads were generally straight, even over steep grades.

The surface, made of large slabs of hard stone, rested on a bed of smaller stones and cement about 3 ft 91 cm thick. From the fall of the Roman Empire until the 19th cent. People usually walked, rode horses, or were carried in sedan chairs. Goods were transported by pack animals. Elsewhere on the Continent roads were not much improved before the middle of the 19th cent.

He greatly improved road building in England and Scotland. He introduced the use of a base of large stones surfaced with compacted layers of small stones. McAdam, were responsible for the development of the macadam road see pavement pavement, the wearing surface of a road, street, or sidewalk.

Parts of Babylon and Troy are believed to have been paved; Roman roads were noted for their durable stone paving. Cobblestones were common from late medieval times into the 19th cent. The expansion of the Industrial Revolution brought this and other road improvements to the Continent, although the emphasis was on railroad railroad or railway, form of transportation most commonly consisting of steel rails, called tracks, on which trains of freight cars, passenger cars, and other rolling stock are drawn by one locomotive or more.

road transport

In the Americas the Inca empire was remarkable for its fine roads. In what is now the United States, however, the waterways were the normal mode of travel for Native Americans, and their trails, though numerous, were often simply footpaths.

These were used by white settlers and were eventually widened to make wagon trails. The increasing use of stagecoaches led to some improvement, and the turnpike turnpike, road paid for partly or wholly by fees collected from travelers at tollgates.

It derives its name from the hinged bar that prevented passage through such a gate until the toll was paid. See also road. At the time of its construction, the National Road was the most ambitious road-building project ever undertaken in the United States.

It finally extended from Cumberland, Md. The digging of canals for irrigation probably dates back to the beginnings of agriculture, and traces of canals have been found in the regions of ancient civilizations. The invention and mass production of the automobile made the road became paramount again. Hard-surfaced highways were stretched across the entire land in a relatively few years.

The building of roads became a major branch of engineering, and even the most difficult obstacles were surmounted. Roads have helped greatly to equalize and unify large heterogeneous nations. In the United States the Interstate Highway System consists of 42, mi 68, km of roads all but a few miles of which are completed connecting every major city. An ambitious, nation agreement to link Asia with a network of highways was signed in See G.

Hindley, A History of Roads ; P. Wright et al. If the road is straight and narrow, what has been planned is being successfully carried out. A roadblock may mean the dreamer needs to be more persistent and diligent, or double back and take another route.Some Queenslanders have been sent fraudulent emails posing as a licence renewal or infringement notice. Find out how to make sure these emails are legitimate before clicking on any links in them.

Did you know you can access over 60 of our services, like renewing your registration or driver licence from home, online? Visit QLD Traffic for the latest on road closures due to flooding. To hear the latest traffic incidents in your area, call 13 19 Learn how to take away the temptation and see how easy it is to set-up 'do not disturb while driving' before you get in the car. Skip links and keyboard navigation Skip to content Skip to site navigation Skip to footer Use tab and cursor keys to move around the page more information.

Department of Transport and Main Roads. I want to Login to my account Change my address Renew my driver licence Renew registration Get renewal notices by email Pay a fine Plan my journey Get traffic and travel information Book a practical driving test. Search for Search Department of Transport and Main Roads. Registration Registering vehicles, motorcycles and boats Changing your registration details Transferring vehicle registration Buying or selling a vehicle Written off vehicles—hail damage View all registration information.

News and media Information and resources for journalists. Scam emails Some Queenslanders have been sent fraudulent emails posing as a licence renewal or infringement notice. Follow the conversation. Feeling unwell? Jump online Did you know you can access over 60 of our services, like renewing your registration or driver licence from home, online?

Border restrictions on our roads Restrictions for entering Queensland are in effect, find out what this means for you. Medical review changes for drivers 75 and over Due to COVID there are some changes to the requirement for medical certificates. Road conditions can change quickly Visit QLD Traffic for the latest on road closures due to flooding. Explore this site Popular Find a form Traffic cameras Find a customer service centre Traffic and road conditions Queensland road rules Driver licensing.

Looking for Annual report Buying or selling a vehicle Demerit points Getting a licence Learning to drive Registering vehicles Our projects.Road transport required much less capital Investment as compared to other modes of transport such as railways and air transport. The cost of constructing, operating and maintaining roads is cheaper than that of the railways.

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Roads are generally constructed by the government and local authorities and only a small revenue is charged for the use of roads. The outstanding advantage of road transport is that it provides door to door or warehouse to warehouse service.

This reduces cartage, loading and unloading expenses. Road transport is most suited for carrying goods and people to and from rural areas which are not served by rail, water or air transport. Exchange of goods, between large towns and small villages is made possible only through road transport. Road transport has a great advantage over other modes of transport for its flexible service, its routes and timings can be adjusted and changed to individual requirements without much inconvenience.

It is more economic and quicker for carrying goods and people over short distances. Delays in transit of goods on account of intermediate loading and handling are avoided. Goods can be loaded direct into a road vehicle and transported straight to their place of destination. As the intermediate loading and handling is avoided, there is lesser risk of damage, breakage etc.

Thus, road transport is most suited for transporting delicate goods like chinaware and glassware, which are likely to be damaged in the process of loading and unloading.

As compared to other modes of transport, the process of packing in motor transport is less complicated. Goods transported by motor transport require less packing or no packing in several cases. If the goods are to be sent immediately or quickly, motor transport is more suited than the railways or water transport. Water transport is very slow. Also much time is wasted in booking the goods and taking delivery of the goods in case of railway and water transport.

Road transport not only requires less initial capital investment, the cost of operation and maintenance is also comparatively less. Even if the rate charged by motor transport is a little higher than that by the railways, the actual effective cost of transporting goods by motor transport is less.

The actual cost is less because the motor transport saves in packing costs and the expenses of intermediate loading, unloading and handling charges. Another advantage of road transport is that big businessmen can afford to have their own motor vehicles and initiate their own road services to market their products without causing any delay.

The movement of goods begins and ultimately ends by making use of roads. Road and motor transport act as a feeder to the other modes of transport such as railways, ships and airways.

Motor transport is not as reliable as rail transport. During rainy or flood season, roads become unfit and unsafe for use.

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There are more chances of accidents and breakdowns in case of motor transport. Thus, motor transport is not as safe as rail transport.Road transport or road transportation is the transport of passengers or goods on roads.

The numerical value of road transport in Pythagorean Numerology is: 8. Oil continues to dominate road transport demand, despite an increase in consumption of biofuels, electrification of mobility, with the partial exception of two and three wheelers, makes only limited inroads.

This pathway suggests little change in Southeast Asia from today's congested roads and poor urban air quality.

For road transporthydrogen is the perfect fuel, for large lorries [ trucks ] and buses it is probably the future of clean fuel, because its emission is water. Word in Definition.

Road Transport

Freebase 0. How to pronounce road transport? Alex US English. Daniel British.

road transport

Karen Australian. Veena Indian. How to say road transport in sign language? Numerology Chaldean Numerology The numerical value of road transport in Chaldean Numerology is: 5 Pythagorean Numerology The numerical value of road transport in Pythagorean Numerology is: 8.

Examples of road transport in a Sentence The IEA : Oil continues to dominate road transport demand, despite an increase in consumption of biofuels, electrification of mobility, with the partial exception of two and three wheelers, makes only limited inroads.

David Ryan : For road transporthydrogen is the perfect fuel, for large lorries [ trucks ] and buses it is probably the future of clean fuel, because its emission is water.

Select another language:. Powered by CITE. Are we missing a good definition for road transport? Don't keep it to yourself Submit Definition.


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